Brain Development in Children and Ways to Boost Brain Power

Thu, 20 May by Kunal

brain development in children

Children develop brain connections through interactions and everyday experiences. For each age group, there is a set of skills that develop in children. Therefore, as a parent, you must know and understand what skills your child must possess at what age so you can provide the right environment for brain development in children.

Brain Development in Children (4-5 Years)

Skills That Develop During This Age

Brain development in early childhood includes the development of various skills, such as:

  • The ability to count to higher numbers and answer “how many” questions.

  • The ability to sort and group objects according to shape, size, and colour.

  • The ability to sort and group objects according to shape, size, and colour.

  • The ability to sort and group objects according to shape, size, and colour.

  • Problem-solving and critical thinking skills.

  • The ability to understand directional words, such as forward, backward, up, down, behind, in front, etc.

  • The ability to understand how we use senses to understand the nature of an object or a living thing in our environment, such as the sound of an animal or the sound of the wind.

  • The ability to create something using art materials.

Brain Development Activities That Help

As a parent, you can use simple child brain development activities to help your preschooler develop the skills above. Here are a few things you can do

  • Help them get used to counting objects by asking questions, such as ‘how many stairs did you climb to go to your room?’

  • Ask them to help you with sorting laundry according to the colour. Household chores or simple everyday activities greatly encourage brain development in children.

  • Lay out different-sized containers and their lids and ask your child to find the right lids to go with the right container.

  • Play instruction-based games with them, such as treasure hunt.

  • Fill plastic containers with natural things, such as sand, water, feathers, etc. and ask them to identify sounds when you shake the container.

  • Involve them in creative projects, such as painting, collage-making, clay pottery, etc.

Things to Keep in Mind

Here are a few things to remember when encouraging brain development in children between the ages 4 and 5:

  • Don’t let your child be on their own. Do activities together and make use of the learning opportunities.

  • Help them wherever they are stuck and ask them to try again.

  • This is the best age to get children used to eating healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables.

Brain Development in Children (8-10 Years)

Skills That Develop During This Age

8-10 years is the age bracket during which children learn skills, such as

  • Independent critical thinking and decision making.

  • The ability to combine, separate, and transform objects.

  • Complex reading, writing, and language skills.

  • The ability to create new games with their own rules.

  • Creative skills, such as acting, designing, and creative writing.

  • The ability to tell right from wrong.

  • The ability to understand riddles and puns.

  • Curiosity

Brain Development Activities That Help

While children try to learn on their own through observation and curiosity during this age, parents must encourage them to

  • Play mind-stimulating games, such as Escape Room.

  • Write poetry or stories.

  • Choose their own books from the library.

  • Give presentations on interesting topics, such as ‘my vacation experience’, with photos and descriptions during family time.

  • Use drag and drop applications to create their own games and characters.

  • Participate in plays or other creative events in school.

  • Watch educational and informative shows on TV channels, such as Discovery Channel, National Geographic, etc.

Things to Keep in Mind

Here are a few things parents must keep in mind

  • Physical play is important for brain development in children. So, limit their time for television and video games to two hours a day and encourage active play as well.

  • During the age of 8-10, children can tell what a book is all about. So, encourage them to write summaries.

  • In this age group, children can solve multiplication and division problems. So, ask them to help in cross-checking grocery bills and other similar tasks.

Brain Development in Children (11-13 Years)

Skills That Develop During This Age

Between the ages 11 and 13, children no more rely on just facts; they start grasping abstract concepts. Here are more skills that you can expect your child to develop

  • Active listening skills in formal and informal settings

  • Non-verbal communication skills

  • The ability to understand and deal with peer pressure

  • Reading and writing skills for independent activities that do not concern school

  • The ability to understand and use numbers in a real-world context

  • The ability to develop healthy relationships

  • Imagination skills

Brain Development Activities That Help

Though kids in the 11-13 age group are responsible enough to take their learning and interests seriously, parents can still help them by

  • Encouraging them to pursue their hobbies and passion seriously, for example, taking music lessons.

  • Encouraging them to start their own blog or podcast.

  • Asking them to calculate tips in restaurants and help with creating budgets.

  • Answering complex questions they may have about relationships and the interaction of living beings.

Parents must keep in mind that children in the 11-13 age group are almost teenagers and maybe going through internal conflicts. So, help your child in understanding themselves and making the right decisions instead of telling them what to do.

Brain Development Foods for Children

For the development of the mind and body, children must have a balanced diet. And the habit of eating healthy should be established in the early years since that’s the most critical phase of brain development in children. Moreover, junk food, sugar-rich foods, and highly processed foods affect children’s attention span and behaviour. So, make sure they eat right. Include items such as nuts, eggs, butter, yoghurt, peanuts, greens, grains, etc., in their diet.

To learn in detail about eating habits for brain development, you can read our blog post – Child Brain Development Foods.

Brain development in children is critical. Therefore, they must have all the support and the right guidance. Be an active parent and monitor your child’s brain development by knowing how their development should pan out. Additionally, you can also help your child in their brain development but enrolling them in courses and classes that can help. Find out how educational programs by PlanetSpark can help shape their mind.




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